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Subterranean Termites

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Subterranean Termite Facts

  • Habitat: found throughout the United States, typically in warmer climates
  • Size: ⅛ to ⅜ inches in length
  • Appearance: Depends on the termite’s role in the colony: workers are flattened and relatively small, with bodies ranging from cream-colored to coal-black in hue and gray or brown wings; soldiers are similar but are distinguished by their powerful jaws; swarmers have straight bead-like antennae, a thick waist and a pair of long, equal-length wings that break off easily.

Subterranean Termite Behavior

Subterranean termites are the most common type of termites that infest homes. These termites need moisture to survive. They are closely associated with the soil, where they typically construct an underground nest or a series of interconnected nests, hence the name "subterranean termites." Soil is a source of moisture that helps protect termites from the drying effects of air. It also shields termites from predators (ants, birds, etc.) that feed on them.

Subterranean termites excavate narrow tunnels through the soil, creating a network through which they can travel long distances to reach food. They also transport soil above ground to construct mud tubes and to line their feeding galleries in wood. Subterranean termites are social insects that live in nests or colonies in the soil. Termite colonies are organized into castes depending on tasks - workers, soldiers, and reproductive (swarmers).

Subterranean Termite Photos

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Subterranean Termite
Group of Subterranean Termites
Subterranean Termites
Subterranean Termite Larvae
Subterranean Termite
Group of Subterranean Termites
Subterranean Termites
Subterranean Termite Larvae
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Subterranean Termite Larvae
Subterranean Termite Larvae
Latest Termite Updates
Subterranean termites cause billions of dollars of damage annually and are notorious for their destructive habits.
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A termite infestation can be a homeowner's worst nightmare. The thought of the pests eating away at your home can send anyone into a panic. Termites need to be treated by a pest control professional as soon as the problem is noticed, or they can cause serious and expensive damage to your house. Noticing signs of termites early can be tricky, but there are small signs to look out for if you live in an area prone to termite damage. Once an infestation is confirmed, an exterminator can recommend the best form of treatment.
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