Species: There are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moths, and most species of moths are nocturnal.
Moths are related to butterflies, but are often overlooked and misunderstood compared to their flashy and beloved butterfly counterparts. Moths evolved long before butterflies, with fossils dating back to 190 million years old. Moth larvae or caterpillars make cocoons that they emerge from as fully-grown adults with wings. Moths have important roles in the wildlife ecosystem, pollinating flowers, and as food for other animals.